千名新疆返沪知青 政府前示威抗议 [Veterans of Cultural Revolution Protest for Entitlements]

约千名返沪知青市府前示威抗议。(网路图片)
千名新疆返沪知青 政府前示威抗议 [Veterans of Cultural Revolution Protest for Entitlements]
【大纪元2011年04月22日讯】(大纪元记者洪宁采访报导)约千名新疆返沪知青,于2011年4月20日上午10:30许,在上海市人民政府信访接待 处,举抗议标语并高呼“释放张维敏”口号,由市府右侧门口走到市府正面大门,呼声连续,群情激奋。现场有十余辆警车、监控车及百余名警察把守,气氛相当紧 张。

约千名返沪知青市府前示威抗议。(网路图片)

据一位目击者介绍,黄浦区人民大道200号每天都有返沪知青上访,以往是为了要求解决住房、养老、医疗保障等问题。此次是为抗议当局日前抓捕了返沪知青维权代表张维敏,有近千人。


约千名返沪知青市府前示威抗议。(网路图片)


少年历尽磨难1963至1966年,上海市政府动员16周岁以下童工与不满18周岁的未成年人,以及刚满18周岁的青年人组成十万大军,远离父母,远离故乡,奔赴荒凉无际的新疆戈壁建设边疆。

已届62岁的返沪知青吴先生向记者诉说着不堪回首的经历。在兵团时,他只有16岁,每天早上冲锋号一响,集体训话后干活,下午汇报思想,然后再去干活,晚上回来又是洗脑。“他们要把你训练成机器人,用共产党的那一套洗脑,不让你有自己的思想。”

吴先生称自己在20多岁时,患上了颈椎肥大、腰椎肥大、胸椎肥大,并患有脊柱炎,身体垮掉了,心理、生理、身体都是扭曲畸形。

吴先生在新疆生活了14年,30岁因病回上海,后在生产组工作,那时每天只挣7毛钱,一个月才有20多块收入。

另 一位62岁陈先生在农一师生活了30年,当年也只有16岁。他心酸地回忆,知青住的是地窝子,吃的是发了霉的玉米馍,和粑籽馍,加一勺无油的咸菜汤,过着 猪狗不如的生活,因吃不饱有的就偷东西吃。有不少孩子精神上、生理上、心理上承受太大,超出极限,不少人自杀,永远留在了那里。


约千名返沪知青市府前示威抗议。(网路图片)

越听党的话 受骗越深

吴先生激动地表示,当年政府号召去新疆答应给的条件,一个也没兑现。“我是蒙受中共两次欺骗,受了无尽的苦。第一次是14年新疆开荒的苦难,第二次是政府强拆了我的房子,他们没有任何手续,使我无家可归。”

吴先生自称是1949年生人,见证了中共执政后历届运动。他深刻指出“共产党毁了我们几代人,你越是听党的话,你受骗就越是深”。

陈先生称自己每月退休金只有1,400多元,靠子女赡养,生活非常困难。由于返沪知青待遇一直未得到解决,至今仍有大部分老人享受的是新疆地区医疗保险,比上海医疗保险标准低的多。

这些返乡知青,年纪大了,医疗保障跟不上,没有钱治病。近几年返沪知青每年死亡率在升高,“所谓人民政府把我们遗忘了,不想着百姓的生活,所以知青经常去上访。”


约千名返沪知青市府前示威抗议。(网路图片)

解决住房是焦点

当年16岁的援疆知青,现在年龄最轻的也都有60多岁了。在边疆,他们奉献出全部的青春,70年代返城后又为企业做出巨大贡献,后被迫下岗失业,生活极其贫困,已经到了无法生存的地步。


约千名返沪知青市府前示威抗议。(网路图片)


另一位知青对记者反映,返沪知青焦点问题是政府给予解决住房。且当年未满18岁的知青属于童工,政府应该给予补偿,而上海一直未兑现。据他介绍,21世纪初,知青们反抗的力量是最强劲的时候,他们联合起来,无数次去北京上访,均遭当局截访、抓捕。他气愤地说:“政府看着知青们年龄已大,想反抗也没有那么多精力了。就故意拖延、敷衍,直到将你拖垮,自消自灭,让你有苦无处诉,有冤无处申。”

美东时间: 2011-04-22 08:15:41 AM 【万年历】
本文网址: http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/11/4/22/n3236333.htm

Veterans of Cultural Revolution Protest for Entitlements

By Hong Ning
Epoch Times StaffCreated: May  7, 2011Last Updated: May  7, 2011

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A crowd of nearly 1,000 veterans gathered in front of the Petitions and Appeals Office of the Shanghai municipal government on April 20, demanding the release of their imprisoned leader.

Such scenes unfold in China every day, but this group was different: the protesters were “educated youths,” individuals sent to remote Xinjiang fresh out of high school in the 1960s and 1970s as part of the Cultural Revolution.

The protesters raised banners and chanted slogans saying “Release Zhang Weimin!” Zhang is a rights activist who had represented the group seeking housing, retirement and medical benefits—things that these people have been denied for decades after the authorities went back on their promises to provide them.

Over a dozen police cars and surveillance vehicles were on the scene while over 100 police officers stood guard.

If the plight of the protesters were known to the wider public it is possible that indignation against the regime would swell, given their historical sufferings because of the Party’s political campaigns and the sympathy they are accorded in society.

Hardships at a Young Age

Between 1963 and 1966, the Shanghai city government sent over 100,000 young people, including some who were under 16, to the remote Gobi Desert in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region. Their task was to “Construct the Border Area.”

It was difficult for 62-year-old Mr. Wu to recount his days in Xinjiang. When he was sent to the Xinjiang Agricultural Reclamation Regiment, he was only 16. Every morning everyone got up to the sound of the bugle call and listened to instructions. Then they went to work.

After reporting his or her thoughts in the afternoon, everyone went back to work. The evenings were filled with brainwashing sessions.“They tried to train you into being a robot. You were brainwashed with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) indoctrination. You were completely deprived of individual thoughts,” Mr. Wu recalled.

Mr. Wu said that when he was 20, he started experiencing enlargement of the bone tissue in his spine behind his neck, his chest, and his waist. He suffered from inflammation in his spine. His body became deformed. He suffered mentally and physically. After living in Xinjiang for 14 years, he returned to Shanghai due to his illness. He worked in a neighborhood production unit, earning 0.70 yuan a day.

Mr. Chen is 62 years old. He also went to Xinjiang at the age of 16. He sadly recalled that the “homes” for the educated youths were caves, their food was mouldy buns made from corn grits; soup was made from pickled vegetables, with no oil. Many young kids could not survive the terrible living conditions and slave labor. They could not wait till the day that they would be allowed to return to Shanghai, and several committed suicide. Their remains were buried in the desert.

Mr. Wu could not suppress his outrage while pointing out that the CCP did not honor a single promise it made to the young people who were sent to Xinjiang, “I was deceived twice. The first time it took me 14 years of reclamation labor before I was able to return to Shanghai. The second time the government forcibly demolished my home. Now I have nowhere to live.”

Mr. Wu said that he was born in 1949, the same year the CCP seized power. He has witnessed each political campaign launched by the regime. He summed up his life’s experiences, “The CCP has destroyed several generations of Chinese people. The more you listen to the CCP, the more you are deceived.”

Mr. Wu said that his retirement salary was only a little over 1,400 yuan (US $215). He is having a hard time making ends meet and he has to be supported by his children. Many people who are now in their 60’s are covered by medical plans for Xinjiang residents, the coverage of which is greatly inferior to similar plans for Shanghai residents. Mr. Wu observed that this is just one example of how the educated youths have been treated upon returning to Shanghai.

Another from the group told The Epoch Times that one of the major issues is housing—which they were not given, as promised, by the Shanghai government.

He said that ten years ago, the possibility for revolt by this population was at its height. They jointly went to Beijing to petition but were intercepted, arrested, and otherwise suppressed.

He said angrily, “The government knows that we are getting old. Even if we want to revolt, we are not as energetic. They kept procrastinating and doing lip service. They drag on and on to outlast you. They see to it that you have nowhere to appeal until you are silenced by illness or death.”

Read the original Chinese article

http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/china/veterans-of-cultural-revolution-protest-for-entitlements-55954.html

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