Chinese oil spill half the size of London went unreported for a month
It has taken a month and an 840 square
km oil slick, but the government has finally admitted to a seabed leak from
wells in the Bohai Sea
- Comments (11)
off China’s eastern coast. Photograph: Xing Guangli/AP
Polluted water. Murky information.
Public anger. Government promises of transparency and oversight to prevent a
recurrence. And then, a short time later, it all happens again.
It has taken a month for news to emerge about the leak from a well in the
Penglai 19-3 field operated by the US energy company ConocoPhillips
in partnership with the China
National Offshore Oil Corporation and .
The companies detected the problem on 4 June, but it only came to light on 21
June thanks to a microblog leak rather than an official release. After initially
downplaying the accident, the authorities finally revealed this week that it
covers an area half the size of Greater London.
The State Oceanic Administration (SOA) said on Tuesday that the seabed leak
is the first of its kind in China and the water quality in the affected area has
fallen to the lowest of its four categories.
Information remains sketchy. Neither company has responded to The Guardian’s
request for details. Despite vague reassurances from CNOOC on Wednesday that
problem is “basically under control", there has been no estimate of the amount
of oil discharged or the potential impact on marine life and coastlines. The
government also revealed that the maximum penalty for such incidents is 200,000
yuan (£19,000). Compensation is likely to be considerably higher.
Xinhua, the state newswire, has blamed
the US oil company for the leak and quoted officials who claimed the slow
release of official information was due to “technical limits".
But the English language Global Times, which appeals to an international
boldly asked whether relations between government regulators and industry
were too close.
“We cannot help but wonder: Is the SOA a serious watchdog that exists to
prevent bigger incidents from happening, or a loving parent who is
over-protective of his own child?…It is not acceptable that the SOA, which had
learned about the incident in early June, held the news until a month
Observer, one of China’s feistiest publications, accused China National
Offshore Oil Corporation of hiding the accident in an act of “savage public
Bloggers and environmental groups have been up in arms. Li Yan of Greenpeace
said the authorities have failed to leans the lessons of pipeline
explosion in Dalian last July.
Then as now, the environmental impact of the accident was initially
downplayed by the authorities, but it was later recognised as China’s worst
known oil spill. Greenpeace claimed the scale of the leak was 60 times greater
The deja-vu is global. Industrial accidents and cover-ups happen all over the
world. As my colleagues reported
this week, there were more than 100 unpublicised oil and gas spills from
European and American wells in the North Sea between 2009 and 2010.
China also has a dark history in this regard. I am particularly reminded of
cover up of the 2005 benzene spill into the Songhua river by the China
National Petroleum Corporation.
Company executives and local government officials insisted at the time that
water supplies were contaminated. As the toxic slick flowed towards Harbin,
millions of residents were initially told their water supplies needed to be cut
for several days for “routine pipe maintainance".
This was exposed as an outrageous lie, provoking a short-lived media outcry
and promises of regulatory reform. Six-years on, not much seems to have changed.
The authorities and state-owned oil industry are just as close, and their first
instinct still seems to be to plug the news before the pollution.