中国农地大量征用 失地农民已达五千万 [Fifty Million Chinese Farmers Had
Fifty Million Chinese Farmers Had Land Stolen
Chinese think tank report reveals numbers behind land grabs
Between 40 and 50 million Chinese farmers have lost their farmland since Deng
Xiaoping’s economic reforms began in the late 1970s, according to a recent
report from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS). The number is
increasing at a rate of three million farmers
per year, and will reach 110 million around 2030.
The report, titled
“China Urban Development Report of 2011″ and published by the Institute for
Urban and Environmental Studies of CASS, states that large areas of farmland
have been and are being expropriated as China’s industrialization and
According to the directive “national land use
planning” published by the Ministry of Land and Resources in October 2008, from
the years 2000 to 2030, over 8.6 million acres of farmland will be expropriated
and over 100 million farmers will lose their land.
The report also states
that, while farmland is being lost, there is a serious trend of urban land being
insufficiently utilized. According to the “national land use planning”
directive, there are about 657,000 acres of unused land in China. This leads to
the conclusion that the scale of land expropriation is greater than the actual
Regarding the farmers who lost their land, the official news
website Red Net (rednet.cn) of Hunan Province reported a survey of 132 households on the issue on March 29. It stated
that 97 percent of farmers are not satisfied with the compensation.
standard compensation rate to the farmer for commercial land use is about
US$20,000 to US$35,000 per acre. But this farmland is often situated in a newly
developed urban area, which could fetch over 10 times its current
The Director of the State Council’s Development Research Center,
Han Jun, said that, since the start of economic reforms to 2003, the Chinese
regime has taken US$312.8 billion from farmers by expropriating farmland at a
low price and then reselling it at a high price.
The Red Net survey also
stated that 85.6 percent of farmers do not have any kind of social security or
insurance, and that only 12 percent have medical
insurance. When asked what they fear the most, 15.9 percent said not
having medical insurance, 27.3 percent said not having retirement insurance and 75 percent said
The farmers who lost their land have no stable jobs and
income. After losing their ownership, rights to use and derive an income from
their farmland, they have no financial security.
Xu Zhiyong, a faculty
member at the Beijing Post and Telecommunications University, told China Youth Daily: “the dispute arising from
farmland expropriation is not a regional problem. It exists in almost every big
and small city, county, and township.”
According to statistics given in
the CASS report, among the farmers who appeal to higher authorities for help, 60
percent of the appeals are related to the farmland, and 30 percent are related
to land expropriation.
Among farmers who lost their land, 60 percent of
them said that they are in a state of economic hardship, and 81 percent are
worried about their future livelihoods.
According to a random sample of
2,942 farmers who lost their land, the National Bureau of Statistics of China
found that there are only 2.7 percent who received employment after expropriation; 24.8 percent went out to look
for work on their own; 27.3 percent have opened a small business; and 20 percent
stays at home, unemployed.
Sometimes, those who have had their land
taken from them have responded violently.
In May a series of explosions
hit Fuzhou City, Jiangxi Province, after Qian Mingqi, 52, failed to obtain
redress for land that was expropriated but for which he was never properly
compensated. After a decade of unsuccessfully attempting to get proper
compensation (he says his losses were up to two million yuan, or around
US$300,000), he set up a Sina Weibo account documenting his final thoughts, and
proceeded to make fertilizer bombs.
He said that he was left with no choice. “I wanted to
take genuine action to get rid of the bad guys for the people,” Qian said. He
was killed in one of the blasts.
In other cases people have climbed atop
their house roofs and set themselves on fire. In yet other cases people have
used violence against the gangs of thugs that are hired by local officials to
carry out the eviction and demolition work that is often involved in land
Read the original Chinese article.