曝食品保质日期被用“药水”随意改[Chemicals Used to Alter Food Expiration Dates in China]

曝食品保质日期被用“药水”随意改[Chemicals Used to Alter Food
Expiration Dates in China]

【大纪元2011年08月19日讯】进超市购买食品,人们最在乎包装袋上的保质期。但鲜为人知的是,包括许多名牌食品在内,保质期等信息都能用简单手段涂改。近期在北京、湖南追踪发现,一些商家借用印刷机械、有毒化学药剂等“道具”,涂改食品保质期如同“变戏法”,真假难辨。有关专家呼吁专项整治这一食品行业“潜规则”,“人防”与“技防”相结合,还消费者一个明白。

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实验:“神奇药水”随便用 “保质日期”轻易改

据网易报导,近期发现,一家中型食品企业擅自涂改包装生产日期,在这道造假“工序”上操作的女工,还被烧伤了手。

近日,调查人员来到湖南逗趣乐食品厂。该厂有关负责人承认,今年5月底,有广东经销商支招,称其包装袋上压印的生产日期“老土”,建议改为喷码印刷改变“卖相”。

按照经销商指点,“逗趣乐”买来喷码机,同时安排两名女工用“药水”将已印好的生产日期涂掉,改印成新日期。不料,两名女工不知要戴手套,涂改几天手上竟遭“药水”腐蚀,出现大片水泡,随后因治疗等问题与厂方发生纠纷,最终事情败露。

逗趣乐食品厂涂改食品生产日期被查,将用“药水”随意涂改食品保质期问题呈现在公众眼前。
据知情人透露,所谓“药水”,主要是“香蕉水”(乙酸异戊酯)、油漆稀释剂等。这类化合物易燃、毒性大,能损伤人的皮肤、咽喉、支气管、肺部甚至神经系统。使用“药水”涂改保质期,在业内是“公开的秘密”。

按照以上做法做了个实验。先从一家大型“洋超市”买来国内外一线品牌的雪饼、熟食、干果、碳酸饮料、果汁、茶饮等,再去市场购买“药水”。在一家油漆店,轻易花3元买到装在一个废旧医用输液瓶里的300毫升油漆“稀释剂”。

用棉签蘸点“稀释剂”,轻轻涂抹各种“大牌”食品包装上字体各异的生产日期、产品批号等,几秒钟就见证了“奇迹”:不论是塑料袋,还是铝罐或者纸盒,生产日期等基本上被涂抹干净!

涂掉容易,再印上也不难。联系几家沿海城市的厂家,发现能轻易购得打码机、喷码机。其中,有“经济型”机器价格只有1000多元,据称特别适合小作坊、小门店;而能够安装在生产流水线上的喷码机,价格在2万元以上,这对厂家来说并不构成明显负担。

“不论是印码还是喷码,只要是使用油墨,都可以涂改。”一位喷码设备供应商称,“印刷的时间信息,在3年之内都可以任意调整!”

消费者被“潜规则”蒙在鼓里

专业人士说,过期食品改头换面再上市,危害很大,原本控制在安全范围内的细菌群,通过繁殖可能出现“几何级”放大。而原本不应存在的沙门氏菌、志贺氏菌、金色葡萄球菌等“健康杀手”,也会乘虚而入。

“对于涂改食品保质期问题,从大企业到小商贩,很多人心知肚明。”北京一位知名食品包装机械制造商透露,目前,比较有效的反制措施,是使用激光打码机,它把生产日期等信息用激光“烧”在包装上。

但对于“激光机”,食品业界不少厂家敬而远之。主要原因是嫌成本高,价格是使用油墨设备的2倍左右。同时生产效率低于“油墨机”,会影响企业产能。

为此,食品行业一些大公司对涂改日期采取“内控风险”态度:在生产日期等喷码信息中加入特殊代码,一个代码只对应一个批次产品。这样,产品日期遭涂改而出现质量纠纷时,企业就会举证寻求免责。但企业求得“独善其身”后,消费者却依然被蒙在鼓里,成为最大的受害者。

 

 

责任编辑:洪微

http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/11/8/19/n3348307.htm

 

Chemicals Used to Alter Food Expiration Dates in China

Epoch Times Staff Created: Aug 26, 2011 Last
Updated:
Aug 26, 2011

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Shopping at a supermarket in Hefei. Chinese perpetually
worry about food safety. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)

It’s no surprise
that Chinese perpetually worry about food safety, especially given the drumbeat
of news like this: In Beijing and Hunan it was found that the expiration dates
on food packaging, including on name-brand foods, are being changed with the
help of printing devices and toxic chemicals.

The process of changing
the expiration date burned the hands of a female worker in a medium-size food
enterprise, reported Netease.

The person in charge at Douqu Food factory
in Hunan recently admitted that at the end of May, after factory officials
learned that a chemical solution could remove the production date imprinted on
packaging, they started changing the dates. They purchased two printers and had
two female workers use the corrosive chemical to erase the production dates on
expired foods and then apply a new expiration date.

However, the two
young women didn’t wear gloves, and within a few days, their skin blistered from
the chemical burns. A subsequent dispute with the factory over medical fees
exposed the issue to public light.

An investigation into the relabeling
practices at the Douqu Food factory revealed the willful change of shelf-life
labeling on a range of food packages.

According to an insider, the
chemical mix is mainly banana oil (isoamyl acetate) and paint thinner,
which can easily remove the expiration date imprinted on plastic bags, tin cans,
and cartons. The compound, which is flammable and very toxic, can damage human
skin, the lining of the throat, bronchi, lungs, and even the nervous system. It
is not meant to be used on food labels.

A staff-member from a well-known food-packaging
equipment manufacturer in Beijing stated that many people, from large
enterprises to small vendors, are aware of this practice.

Remarking
expired foods so they can be sold after their expiration date can lead to a
proliferation of bacteria. Once bacteria reach a toxic level, they pose a health
threat to humans. Preventing that eventuality is precisely the purpose of
expiration dates.

Read the original
Chinese article
.

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