欧债或违约 温家宝称加大投资 专家解析 [China’s Investment in EU Politically Charged, Say Experts]

欧债或违约 温家宝称加大投资 专家解析 [China’s Investment in EU
Politically Charged, Say Experts]

中国总理温家宝9月14日在世界经济论坛(World Economic Forum)上发表讲话(STR /
AFP ImageForum)

【大纪元2011年09月16日讯】(大纪元记者董韵报导)中国总理温家宝周三表示,中国愿意加大对欧洲的投资,同时提出要求欧盟承认中国的完全市场经济地位等作为交换条件。有经济学家表示,由于希腊国债违约的可能性非常大,可能引发连锁反应,此时购买任何欧债都需非常谨慎。此外,中共对市场经济控制严格,欧洲很难就此作为交换条件,中共投资欧洲的姿态与其政治战略意图有关。
// 温家宝:中国愿意加大对欧洲的投资

温家宝周三在世界经济论坛(World Economic
Forum)表示,中国愿意加大对欧洲的投资,但同时也希望欧洲领导人大胆地从战略上看待中欧关系,比如承认中国完全市场经济地位。他没有就中国准备采取何种对欧洲的具体支持措施或投资措施给出暗示。

中国国家发展和改革委员会周三表示,中国愿意购买欧洲的主权债券。中国《财经》杂志周三引述发改委副主任张晓强的话报导,中国愿意对遇到主权债务危机的国家伸出援手,买一些他们的债券,不过中国更希望把债券转换为投资。他没有暗示政府有无具体计划动用新资金来购买更多欧洲债券。

购买欧债需非常谨慎

美国匹兹堡大学经济学教授达菲(John
Duffy)先生,周四对《大纪元》记者表示担心中国购买欧债的做法。他表示,由于欧债违约很可能发生,“目前中国在考虑购买欧洲主权债务、特别是希腊国债时应当特别小心谨慎。”

他分析说:“德国和法国虽然同意让希腊维持在欧元区内,但他们已经同意让希腊债务出现违约了。”

他表示:“虽然希腊曾作出过承诺……但很多人不信任希腊能够成功进行税务和财政开支改革。”

达菲预测说:“希腊违约很快会发生……下周或者下个月,我不确定,但是很短时间内就会发生,很可能在今年就会发生。”

他还表示,希腊违约后,欧洲其他国家也可能步其后尘,出现债务违约。

中共的政治意图

路透社报导,一些分析人士称,有几个中国投资项目,从长期来看可能不仅仅是商业性质的。希腊比雷艾夫斯港和意大利那不勒斯港等大型港口项目令欧洲国家的国防和外交部门的一些人感到担心。那不勒斯港也是北约的主要基地之一。

纽约城市大学政治经济学教授夏明在接受《大纪元》记者采访时表示,中国释放出要购买更多欧洲国债的信息,背后有其政治意图。他解释说:“希腊作为北约的成员国,连接巴尔干一些国家,是中东、西欧国家的一个通道,很多重要的战略活动在那边展开;包括空军、海军等方面的合作,另外也是毒品走私和人口贩卖的巴尔干地区通道。”

夏明还表示:“希腊在地中海有很重要的战略意义,包括在政治、经济和军事上。希腊作为欧共体的国家,所以一旦进入希腊就进入了整个欧盟了,同时它又是北约的一个成员国。”

“对于意大利,情况是类似的。并且,意大利的经济实体和影响力比希腊要大得多。如果中国能够进入意大利的话,那么显然在战略上具有重要的战略意义。”“中共希望通过这种方式打入西方国家,希望他们彼此离间出现各种裂痕,削弱美国(等西方国家)在全球的影响力。”

夏明还说,中国的一些海外投资,实际上国家机构在运作,是政府的主权基金,比如中投等公司,都是政府的“白手套”。

美国南卡莱罗纳大学商学院教授谢田博士,在分析中国表示要加大购买欧洲国债时的真正用意时亦表示:“在2009年的时候,中国曾经购买葡萄牙和爱尔兰的国债,其目的是让这些小国家来游说欧盟承认其经济市场地位。要求放宽军售,以购买欧洲的先进武器,从而希望在台湾、南海、关岛等地构成威胁,达到影响世界和平的目的。”

“欧洲同意中共的交换条件很困难”

夏明说:“基本上,美国和欧洲都不承认中国的完全市场经济地位。”“中国的(经济)市场确实有很多的国家控制(手段),比如补贴、保护市场政策、增加欧洲关税等。欧洲通常采取的是‘反倾销’。”

夏明表示,中国实行“国进民退”的扶持和补贴国营企业的做法,很多产业都存在补贴政策,他进一步举例说,美国加州的太阳能企业倒闭,也是因为(价格上)竞争不过中国,中国政府对企业有大量的补贴和劳动力成本低。据悉,曾被寄予厚望并获联邦5.27亿美元贷款的加州太阳能创业企业Solyndra,8月31日宣布,受来自中国低成本的竞争影响,该公司将停止运营,并申请破产保护。

他认为:“中共采取‘金元外交’的方式,希望获得西方全面承认其完全的市场经济地位,很困难。”

(责任编辑:高静)

http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/11/9/16/n3374330.htm

China’s Investment in EU Politically Charged, Say Experts

By Dong Yun
Epoch Times Staff Created: Sep 16, 2011 Last
Updated:
Sep 16, 2011

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China’s Premier Wen Jiabao gestures as he delivers his
address at the summer session of the World Economic Forum in the Chinese port
city of Dalian, northeast China’s Liaoning province on September 14.
(STR/AFP/Getty Images)

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said Wednesday
that China is willing to invest further in the EU, and in turn urged the EU to
recognize China’s market economy status in exchange.

The United States
and Europe have refused to accord China full market-economy status thus far,
says Xia Ming, professor of political science at the City University of New York (CUNY). “In China’s market, there are
state policies which interfere with the free market, like subsidies paid by the
government, market-protecting polices, or increased customs duties on European
imports. Anti-dumping measures are often enacted by Europe in response to
China’s economic interference.”

In response to Wen’s statement at the
World Economic Forum Wednesday, economic experts are saying that the regime’s
investment in the eurozone is related to its political and strategic intentions,
and that China’s strict control over its domestic economy may deter the EU from
accepting any deals.

//

//

Beijing-based Caijing magazine cited Zhang Xiaoqiang, vice chairman of
China’s National Development and Reform Commission, as saying that China is
willing to lend a helping hand to some countries facing sovereign debt risks by buying some of their government debt,
but that China has further hopes of turning government debt into tangible
investments. He made no further mention of any of China’s concrete plans to buy
more European debt.

Professor Xia said China has hidden political
intentions when it releases information about buying more Eurobonds.

“Greece plays an important strategic role in the Mediterranean in terms
of politics, economics and its military position. As an EU member, Greece offers
access to the eurozone, and is also a member of NATO,” Xia said.

“Greece
borders some countries whose boundaries lie within the Balkan Peninsula and it
offers access to the Middle East and Western Europe. Many activities of great
strategic importance, like collaboration between air forces and navy forces,
have been launched there. Other than that, human traffickers and drug smugglers
can gain access via the Balkan peninsula through Greece and into Europe.”

Xia said Italy is the same, but has even more influence than Greece. “If
China has access to Italy, it is of significant strategic importance. The
Chinese regime desires to have access to and influence on Western countries,
hoping that countries in the eurozone will be estranged from the U.S., further
weakening America’s global influence.”

The Chinese regime pays subsidies
to support their domestic enterprises, crippling foreign companies, Xia said. He
gives as an example the bankruptcy of
California’s solar energy companies. Because
of price subsidies paid by the Chinese regime and low labor costs, Solyndra could not sustain its operations, and
announced bankruptcy on Aug. 31.

Xia added that some of China’s foreign
investment is actually controlled by the state. The financial sources are the
regime or state-owned companies.

“Although China pursues ‘dollar
diplomacy,’ it is still very hard for the regime to have its full market-economy
status recognized.”

Frank
Xie, assistant professor of marketing at the University of South Carolina Aiken,
said China bought government debt of Portugal and Ireland in 2009, so that they
would lobby the EU to recognize China’s market-economy status.

“China is
seeking to have the EU remove its ban on arms sales to China, and intends to
purchase advanced weapons from Europe, in the hope of posing a threat to Taiwan,
the South China Sea, and Guam, and acquire a stronger global influence. Given
these intentions, it will not be easy for Europe to consent to China’s
proposal,” Xie said.

Read the original Chinese
Article
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